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Please click the frequently asked questions below for further information and IPC precautions required:

  • What is Rhinovirus?

    Rhinovirus is primarily associated with upper respiratory tract infection, otitis media, and sinusitis. It is the most common cause of common cold worldwide.

  • How does it spread?

    Rhinovirus is usually spread from an infected person to others through:

    • close personal contact, such as touching or shaking hands
    • droplets by coughing and sneezing
    • touching an object or surface with Rhinovirus on it, then touching your mouth, nose, or eyes before washing your hands
  • What are the symptoms of Rhinovirus?

    The main symptoms may include:

    • Nasal congestion or discharge
    • Sore or scratchy throat
    • Cough

    In addition, children can also have fever during the first 2 to 3 days and moderate enlargement of the anterior cervical nodes.

  • Why is this important?

    If NIAS staff are aware that the patient has a suspected or confirmed case this should be communicated to the Control Room (Emergency or Non-emergency as appropriate) and the staff in the receiving unit when transferring the patient to ensure effective patient care and management.

  • IPC Precautions
    • Droplet precautions should be used until the patient is 24 hours asymptomatic.
    • Hand Hygiene should be completed as per the 5 moments in line with usual practice.
    • Eye protection should be risk assessed for any concern regarding a splash risk.
    • A Fluid Resistant Surgical Mask should be worn.
    • Gloves and Aprons should be worn.
    • The patient should be transported via ambulance with no other patients present and asked to wear a FRSM if tolerated and it does not interfere with their treatment.
    • Laundry should be treated as contaminated, placed into an alginate bag and placed into a red laundry bag.
  • What cleaning is required?

    All equipment and the ambulance should have an in-between patient clean paying particular attention to touch points.

  • Do staff need prophylaxis or follow up?

    Staff should remain vigilant for symptoms but there is no follow up required and staff do not need to be off work.